In most cases, skin cancer develops on skin exposed to the sun. But it can also occur in areas not exposed to the sun. There are three common types of skin cancer, including melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma. You can reduce the risk of getting skin cancer by avoiding or limiting exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Medical spa in West Palm Beach, FL, gives the highest quality cosmetic outcome for skin cancer patients if needed and also provides the best treatment for each type of skin cancer.
Types of skin cancer
- Basal cell carcinoma
Around 3 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed annually, and more than 80% are basal cell carcinoma. This type of cancer develops within the basal layer of the skin, which is the lowest part of the epidermis.
This cancer occurs in skin parts that get the most exposure to the sun, like the neck and head. Basal cell cancer generally grows slowly, and it is rare for them to metastasize or spread to nearby lymph nodes or other distant parts of the body. This can happen if it is not treated. Therefore, early detection and treatment are essential. Patients who had once suffered from basal cell carcinoma are at high risk of developing a new basal cell cancer somewhere else.
- Squamous cell carcinoma
This cancer is the second most common type of skin cancer. They develop from flat squamous cells which make up the epidermis. This type of skin cancer is often found in areas of the skin exposed to the sun, such as the ears, face, and neck or back of the hand, but they can also develop in other areas, such as in the genital region scars or skin ulcers. Squamous cell cancers grow slowly, and it is not common for them to metastasize or spread. They are likely to invade fatty tissues under the skin or spread further.
Melanoma is a type of cancer that forms in melanocytes, the skin cells producing a brown pigment called melanin. These cells darken if the skin is exposed to the sun, which is a protective response to protect the deeper skin layers from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays. Unlike other types of skin cancer, melanoma can develop in parts of the body not exposed to sunlight, such as the bottoms of the feet and the groin. It can also form in the eye. Early-stage melanoma is treated with surgery only, but advanced melanoma requires surgery together with other treatments.
Recent studies have shown that the number of skin cancer cases is growing at an alarming rate. Luckily, increased awareness to people and health care providers has resulted in early diagnosis. You should always report to your doctor if you have any sign of skin cancer, especially if you had been diagnosed before, to prevent cancer from recurring. Preventive measures are very important, so you should make sure you see a dermatologist regularly or ask your doctor to perform periodic skin checks.