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Causes and Treatments for Skin Discoloration

The skin can change its color for various reasons. Some health conditions can cause these skin color changes, such as hyperpigmentation, darkening of the skin, hypopigmentation, and the lightning or whitening of the skin. Skin discoloration affects small or large areas of the skin, and it can be a sign of existing conditions that need medical attention or can be a natural part of the aging process. Skin discoloration in El Paso is treated by a team of experts who gives your desired outcomes and reduces the risk of complications. The causes of skin discoloration are as follows:

  1.     Sunspots

Sunspots are harmless brown spots that develop due to lengthy exposure to sunlight. They are also known as age spots. Age spots develop when melanin is produced in large amounts in concentrated areas, or if it gets clumped in the skin. Sunspots are normally confused with inherited freckles, and they are noticeable if they are activated by exposure to the sun.


Age spots do not fade away quickly. They are harmless, but people can remove them for cosmetic reasons. Treatments include:

Laser and pulsed light therapies, which target melanin-producing cells and melanin granules without damaging your skin surface. Also, prescription lightening creams used with or without retinoids can gradually eliminate the spots if used for several months.

  1. Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin condition that appears in pale white patches on different areas of the skin. Commonly affected areas are the neck, hands, face, and creases of the skin. The condition appears when the melanin cells stop working or die. It occurs when the immune system attacks healthy body tissues.


Skin patches caused by vitiligo are not harmful, but you can still seek treatment for cosmetic reasons. Some of the treatments include:

You can use steroid creams to restore pigment to the affected parts or use skin camouflage creams to cover small patches. Surgery can also get skin with your natural color and put them where you need more color.

  1.     Melasma

Melasma is also called chloasma; it presents an uneven dark and blotchy skin in parts most exposed to the sun. The condition is harmless, but the gray or brown patches it causes, mainly on the face, can be hard to cope with. This condition occurs when the melanin in the skin is too high, and it affects women during pregnancy, people with darker skin tones, and people taking certain medications.


People seek treatment for cosmetic reasons. In some cases, like if the condition occurs during the pregnancy period, the patches go away with time. For those interested in treating the condition, the options include:

Procedures such as microdermabrasion, chemical peel, or laser treatment can treat melasma. Also, a corticosteroid enhances skin-lightening effects, or Kojic or Azelaic acid that aid in lightening melasma.

Protecting your skin from the sun is the best way to prevent melasma. This means wearing sunscreen, covering up when possible, and avoiding prolonged sun exposure.

Many types of skin discolorations are not harmful. Some causes are minor conditions that only require simple treatment. Other causes can be severe and need ongoing treatment. If you notice mild or rapid changes in your skin color, you should talk to your healthcare provider. The health provider will then determine the best approach for your condition.

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